Is benzalkonium chloride safe to use during pregnancy?
Use during pregnancy and lactation is not expected to be associated with harmful effects to the mother as cutaneous absorption of benzalkonium chloride is minimal. Not for application to mucosa. Oromucosal, rectal and vaginal Zero Benzalkonium chloride may cause local irritation.
Is chloride safe during pregnancy?
Chloride has not been shown to have a negative effect on pregnant and breastfeeding women. In fact, the recommended daily dosage for women who are pregnant or nursing is often higher than that of women who have neither condition.
Is benzalkonium chloride toxic?
Benzalkonium chloride (BAC) is a widely used disinfectant/preservative, and respiratory exposure to this compound has been reported to be highly toxic. Spray‐form household products have been known to contain BAC together with triethylene glycol (TEG) in their solutions.
Is disinfectant spray safe during pregnancy?
Working with chemical disinfectants and sterilants (sometimes also referred to as high-level disinfectants) during pregnancy could increase your chances of having a miscarriage or preterm birth.
What is benzalkonium chloride used to treat?
Benzalkonium chloride (BAK) is the most common preservative in topical medication used to treat glaucoma [10R,11R].
What is benzalkonium chloride and why is it used?
Benzalkonium Chloride is primarily used as a preservative and antimicrobial agent, and secondarily used as a surfactant. It works by killing microorganisms and inhibiting their future growth, and for this reason frequently appears as an ingredient in antibacterial hand wipes, antiseptic creams and anti-itch ointments.
How long can you swim while pregnant?
Like all forms of exercise during pregnancy, you should stop swimming if you begin to feel nauseous, you become too hot, or you experience any vaginal discharge, bleeding, or feel abdominal and pelvic pain. Consider keeping swim sessions to about 30 minutes at a time and limiting to 3 to 5 times a week.
Why is chloride high during pregnancy?
The electrolyte imbalance can be associated with something as simple as diarrhea or vomiting, but it could also be an indication of an underlying condition. Increased chloride values could be a sign of prolonged diarrhea, dehydration, renal tubular acidosis, hypernatremia, acidosis (metabolic) or hyperparathyroidism.
Can I swim in salt water while pregnant?
Pregnancy and swimming
“If your doctor allows you to go to the sea, we will not stop you. Saltwater enriches the body with useful substances and supplies the pregnant woman with positive emotions. There is no risk of falling, overheating, dehydration during swimming. There is no workload on the joints.
Why is benzalkonium chloride bad for you?
Benzalkonium chloride is a frequently used preservative in eye drops; typical concentrations range from 0.004 to 0.01%. Higher concentrations can be caustic  and can cause irreversible damage to the corneal endothelium . Occupational exposure to BAC has been linked to the development of asthma .
Why is benzalkonium chloride toxic?
Benzalkonium chloride formulations for consumer use are dilute solutions. Concentrated solutions are toxic to humans, causing corrosion/irritation to the skin and mucosa, and death if taken internally in sufficient volumes.
Is benzalkonium chloride safe for humans?
This cosmetic ingredient is not a sensitizer to normal humans at concentrations of 0.1%, but may be to individuals with diseased skin. It is concluded that Benzalkonium Chloride can be safely used as an antimicrobial agent at concentrations up to 0.1%.
What birth defects are caused by chemicals?
Common birth defects caused by toxic chemicals include brain damage, spina bifida, muscular dystrophy, and developmental delays. Several different types of birth defects are linked to toxic exposure. These include structural birth defects, where a body part is missing or deformed.
What harmful substances can pass from mother to baby?
Tobacco, alcohol and drugs can have harmful effects on anyone’s health. When a pregnant or nursing woman uses these substances, her baby also is exposed to them, for all substances cross the placenta through the umbilical cord and enter into the baby’s bloodstream.
What chemicals should I avoid during pregnancy?
Chemicals to avoid when you’re pregnant or breastfeeding
- Pesticides and herbicides. Some pesticides (bug killers) and herbicides (weed killers) are known to affect developing and newborn babies. …
- Cleaning products. …
- Paint. …
- Mosquito repellent. …
- Mercury. …
- Arsenic-treated timber. …
- Nail polish. …
- Paint and lead-based products.