Anyone can get meningococcal disease, but rates of disease are highest in children younger than 1 year old, with a second peak in adolescence. Among teens and young adults, those 16 through 23 years old have the highest rates of meningococcal disease.
Who is at increased risk for meningitis?
Age – In general, young children are at the highest risk of getting bacterial meningitis and septicaemia but other age groups can also be vulnerable to specific types. Geography and environment – Some countries have higher rates of meningitis and septicaemia.
Who is generally at risk for meningitis and why?
Risk rises for anyone who hasn’t completed the recommended childhood or adult vaccination schedule. Age. Most cases of viral meningitis occur in children younger than age 5. Bacterial meningitis is common in those under age 20.
Which group is at increased risk of contracting meningococcal disease?
Meningococcal disease is most common in very young infants, teens, and young adults, and those older than 65 years. College students, especially freshmen who live in dorms and military recruits, are at an increased risk for meningococcal disease caused by serogroups C and Y compared with others in this age group.
What are the chances of getting meningitis?
The risk of getting the disease is very low. Although meningococcal disease is infectious and can cause outbreaks, 97 out of every 100 cases are isolated, with no link to any other cases.
How long can you have meningitis without knowing?
The first symptoms of viral meningitis typically appear between 3 to 7 days after being exposed to the infection. Symptoms of bacterial meningitis appear and progress quickly – bacterial meningitis is the most dangerous type of meningitis, and the infection progresses the fastest.
What are the 5 types of meningitis?
There are actually five types of meningitis — bacterial, viral, parasitic, fungal, and non-infectious — each classified by the cause of the disease.
Can you have meningitis and not know it?
Meningitis can be mistaken for the flu, dehydration, or gastroenteritis. It can also be overlooked because symptoms may be mild or not always apparent.
How do people get meningitis?
The viruses and bacteria that cause meningitis can be spread through: sneezing. coughing. kissing.
Can you still get meningitis if vaccinated?
Like with any vaccine, the vaccines that protect against these bacteria are not 100% effective. The vaccines also do not protect against all the types (strains) of each bacteria. For these reasons, there is still a chance vaccinated people can develop bacterial meningitis.
What are the signs and symptoms of meningococcemia?
Meningococcal Septicemia (aka Meningococcemia)
- Fever and chills.
- Fatigue (feeling tired)
- Cold hands and feet.
- Severe aches or pain in the muscles, joints, chest, or abdomen (belly)
- Rapid breathing.
- In the later stages, a dark purple rash (see photos)
What age is meningococcal vaccine given?
All 11 to 12 year olds should get a meningococcal conjugate vaccine, with a booster dose at 16 years old. Teens and young adults (16 through 23 year olds) also may get a serogroup B meningococcal vaccine.
What should you do if you have been in contact with someone with meningitis?
If someone with a meningitis infection has Neisseria meningitides (also called meningococcal meningitis), it’s standard procedure for anyone who has been in close contact with the person to receive antibiotics, Johnson says.
Is meningitis always contagious?
Meningitis isn’t always the result of an infection. It can develop as a result of head injury or brain surgery. It can also be caused by certain medications, lupus, or cancer. Non-infectious meningitis is not contagious.
How many times can you get meningitis?
It is very unusual for anyone to have meningitis more than once, but it is possible. Most people some develop immunity to the organism that has caused their disease. However, there are several different causes of meningitis and therefore it is possible, but rare, to have the disease more than once.