GBS affects about 1 in every 2,000 babies in the United States. Not every baby who is born to a mother who tests positive for GBS will become ill. Although GBS is rare in pregnant women, the outcome can be severe.
What causes GBS in pregnancy?
How do people get group B strep? In newborns, group B Streptococcus infection is acquired through direct contact with the bacteria while in the uterus or during birth; thus, the gestational bacterial infection is transmitted from the colonized mother to her newborn.
Should I be worried about Strep B in pregnancy?
Group B Strep is not a sexually transmitted disease. Most women carrying GBS will have no symptoms. Carrying GBS is not harmful to you, but it can affect your baby around the time of birth. GBS can occasionally cause serious infection in young babies and, very rarely, during pregnancy before labour.
How can you prevent GBS during pregnancy?
The most important thing you can do to protect your baby is get tested for GBS while you are pregnant and, if you are positive, receive antibiotics during your labor. Some babies get GBS even if antibiotics were given during labor.
What happens if you test positive for group B strep during pregnancy?
If you test positive for group B strep, it doesn’t mean that you’re ill or that your baby will be affected. It simply means you need treatment to prevent an infection in your baby. Talk with your health care provider about how you’ll incorporate your group B strep treatment into your labor plan.
What are the signs of GBS in pregnancy?
Late-onset GBS: Signs like coughing or congestion, trouble eating, fever, drowsiness or seizures usually start when your baby is between 7 days and 3 months old. Late-onset GBS can cause sepsis or meningitis. If you have GBS, you can pass this kind of infection to your baby during or after birth.
When do you treat GBS in pregnancy?
If the results show that GBS is present, most women will receive antibiotics through an intravenous (IV) line once labor has started. This is done to help protect the fetus from being infected. The best time for treatment is during labor.
Can GBS go away?
GBS bacteria may come and go in people’s bodies without symptoms. On average, about 1 in 20 non-pregnant adults with serious GBS infections die. The rate of serious group B strep disease increases with age: There are 10 cases in every 100,000 non-pregnant adults each year.
Should I be worried if I test positive for group B strep?
It can be scary to hear that you tested positive for group B strep. But, remember, GBS is very common and complications for newborns are very rare. 3 Your doctor and the hospital staff know what to do to protect your baby.
Do you treat GBS in urine in pregnancy?
If your urine culture shows GBS or other bacteria, you may be treated with an oral antibiotic. If you have symptoms of urinary tract infection, such as burning pain with urination, any time during your pregnancy, a urine culture should be done.
Can you breastfeed if you are GBS positive?
Yes, women who test positive for GBS can breastfeed. Rarely, GBS can be spread to babies through breastmilk, but the benefits of breastfeeding are much greater than the risk of spreading GBS. Most of the time, breastfeeding can help lower the risk that of your baby getting GBS later in infancy.
How do you prevent GBS naturally?
Eat a balanced diet and make sure to get enough fruits and vegetables, complex carbs, protein, healthy fats, and even add in some cultured foods that support healthy gut and vaginal health, such as yogurt, sauerkraut, kefir, and kombucha. Stay hydrated: Drink at least 10-12 cups of water every day.
Can I breastfeed with GBS?
Most women do not pass the infection to their babies. Women who are GBS-positive can safely breastfeed. Since GBS comes and goes from the body, all women should receive GBS testing each time they are pregnant, regardless of their previous results.
Can you refuse GBS test?
If you are refusing testing and treatment of Group B Strep there is a 1% chance your baby will be exposed. The risks to the baby of untreated Group B Strep are infection, pneumonia, meningitis and death.
What does GBS do to a baby?
Group B strep is the most common cause of serious infections in newborns. GBS infection can lead to meningitis, pneumonia, or sepsis. Meningitis is more common in a baby who has a GBS infection happen a week to several months after birth.
When should I go to the hospital if im GBS positive?
Most providers will recommend if you are GBS positive to come to the hospital immediately after your water breaks, because GBS risk to the baby will go up the longer your water is broken. They will want to start you on antibiotics right away.