An exposed pregnant woman with a fever higher than 38.1°C (100.6°F) and signs and symptoms consistent with listeriosis for whom no other cause of illness is known should be simultaneously tested and treated for presumptive listeriosis.
How do you know if you have Listeria while pregnant?
What are the symptoms of listeriosis? Listeriosis can cause mild, flu-like symptoms such as fever, chills, muscle aches, and diarrhea or upset stomach. You also may have a stiff neck, headache, confusion, or loss of balance. Symptoms may appear as late as 2 months after you have eaten something with Listeria.
How soon can Listeria be detected?
These symptoms can begin days to weeks after eating contaminated food. A blood test can confirm whether you have been infected with listeriosis. If you have eaten contaminated food and do not have symptoms, some experts feel no special testing or treatment is needed.
Do you get tested for Listeria while pregnant?
A doctor will suspect listeriosis if you are pregnant and have a fever or flu-like symptoms. Listeria is difficult to diagnose. Your doctor will try to confirm a diagnosis by performing a blood culture to test for presence of the bacteria. They may ask you questions about your symptoms and what you’ve eaten recently.
How common is it to get Listeria while pregnant?
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there are approximately 1,600 cases of listeriosis in the United States each year. But only about one in seven cases—or about 200 cases per year—occur in pregnant women, out of nearly 4 million pregnancies every year.
What are the first signs of Listeria?
If you develop a listeria infection, you might have: Fever. Chills. Muscle aches.
If the listeria infection spreads to your nervous system, signs and symptoms can include:
- Stiff neck.
- Confusion or changes in alertness.
- Loss of balance.
What if you get Listeria while pregnant?
During the first trimester of pregnancy, listeriosis may cause miscarriage. As the pregnancy progresses to third trimester, the mother is more at risk. Listeriosis can also lead to premature labor, the delivery of a low-birth-weight infant, or infant death.
What to do if you think you have listeria?
You should seek medical care and tell the doctor about eating possibly contaminated food if you have a fever and other symptoms of possible listeriosis, such as fatigue and muscle aches, within two months after eating possibly contaminated food.
Will listeria show up in bloodwork?
A blood test is often the most effective way to determine whether you have a listeria infection. In some cases, samples of urine or spinal fluid will be tested as well.
What if I ate deli meat while pregnant?
Listeria is killed by pasteurization and cooking. Cold cuts are now sprayed with a food additive that helps prevent Listeria before packaging. You don’t need to panic if you are pregnant and have been eating deli meats. The probabilities are in your favor that nothing has happened.
What foods have Listeria?
- Unpasteurized (raw) milk and dairy products.
- Soft cheese made with unpasteurized milk, such as queso fresco, feta, Brie, Camembert.
- Raw fruits and vegetables (such as sprouts).
- Ready-to-eat deli meats and hot dogs.
- Refrigerated pâtés or meat spreads.
- Refrigerated smoked seafood.
How likely is it to get Listeria?
An estimated 1,600 people get listeriosis each year, and about 260 die. The infection is most likely to sicken pregnant women and their newborns, adults aged 65 or older, and people with weakened immune systems. Pregnant women are 10 times more likely than other people to get a Listeria infection.
Why do you get Listeria when pregnant?
Pregnant women with a Listeria infection can pass the infection to their unborn babies. Listeria infection can cause miscarriages, stillbirths, and preterm labor. Listeria infection can cause serious illness and even death in newborns.
Can food poisoning hurt my unborn baby?
During pregnancy, food poisoning can cause serious problems for you and your baby, including premature birth, miscarriage and stillbirth.