Newborn screening is recognized internationally as an essential, preventive public health program for early identification of disorders in newborns that can affect their long-term health. The most important goal of newborn screening is to identify infants with treatable conditions before they become symptomatic.
Why is newborn care important?
All newborns require essential newborn care to minimize the risk of illness and maximize their growth and development. Warmth, normal breathing, mother’s milk, and prevention of infection are the basic needs of normal baby at birth.
What is the purpose of newborn screening?
Newborn screening allows health professionals to identify and treat certain conditions before they make a baby sick. Most babies with these conditions who are identified at birth and treated early are able to grow up healthy with normal development.
What is newborn care?
Newborn Care Specialists (NCS) are highly experienced individuals who have chosen to specialize in newborn and infant care. Many have undergone specialized training and have advanced knowledge in a wide variety of subject areas including lactation support and sleep training.
What are the common problems in newborns?
Common health issues of newborn babies
- Crying. Crying is the baby’s natural way of demanding a nappy change, cuddling, or a feed. …
- Jaundice. One of the most common problems among newborns is jaundice. …
- Bloated belly. …
- Coughing. …
- Noisy Breathing. …
- Skin related issues. …
- Nappy rash. …
What are the basic essential care of newborn at birth?
Essential newborn care: the care provided to a newborn immediately after delivery which includes the time between births to 24 hours care is essential newborn care, and it includes to dry and stimulate, evaluate breathing, keep the newborn warm (prevent hypothermia), initiate breastfeeding in the first one hour, …
What are the disadvantages of newborn screening?
If newborns are not screened early on, they may suffer tragic consequences, including brain damage, developmental and physiological delays, breathing problems, and even death.
Can parents refuse newborn screening?
All states require screening to be performed on newborns, but most will allow parents to refuse for religious purposes. Any decision to decline or refuse testing should first be discussed with a health professional, since newborn screening is designed to protect the health of the baby.
What tests are done on a newborn baby?
The most common newborn screening tests in the US include those for hypothyrodism (underactivity of the thyroid gland), PKU (phenylketonuria), galactosemia, and sickle cell disease. Testing for hypothyroidism and PKU is required in virtually all States.
When should you start tummy time?
Tummy time should start when your baby is a newborn, according to the AAP. Start by placing her belly-down on your chest or across your lap for a few minutes at a time so she gets accustomed to the position. Just don’t do it right after a feeding—pressure on her full abdomen may cause her to spit up.
How do I keep my newborn safe?
Handling a Newborn
- Wash your hands (or use a hand sanitizer) before handling your baby. …
- Support your baby’s head and neck. …
- Never shake your newborn, whether in play or in frustration. …
- Make sure your baby is securely fastened into the carrier, stroller, or car seat.
Who is high risk newborn?
A high-risk infant is an infant that appears well but has a much greater chance than most infants of developing a clinical problem, such as hypothermia, hypoglycaemia, apnoea, infection, etc. in the newborn period. High-risk infants appear clinically well on examination.
What should I be worried about my newborn?
What warning signs may mean a problem with a newborn?
- Not urinating (this may be hard to tell, especially with disposable diapers)
- No bowel movement for 48 hours.
- Fever (see Fever and children, below)
- Breathing fast (for example, over 60 breaths per minute) or a bluish skin coloring that doesn’t go away.
What are the signs of abnormal baby?
- Rapid heartbeat.
- Breathing difficulties.
- Feeding problems (which result in inadequate weight gain)
- Swelling in the legs, abdomen, or about the eyes.
- Pale grey or bluish skin.
What is the leading cause of death in newborns?
The five leading causes of infant death in 2018 were: Birth defects. Preterm birth and low birth weight. Maternal pregnancy complications.