What causes a speech impediment in a child?

Problems or changes in the structure or shape of the muscles and bones used to make speech sounds. These changes may include cleft palate and tooth problems. Damage to parts of the brain or the nerves (such as from cerebral palsy) that control how the muscles work together to create speech. Hearing loss.

How do you fix a speech impediment?

Treatment options can include:

  1. speech therapy exercises that focus on building familiarity with certain words or sounds.
  2. physical exercises that focus on strengthening the muscles that produce speech sounds.


What are the three basic types of speech impairments?

There are three basic types of speech impairments: articulation disorders, fluency disorders, and voice disorders.

How do kids develop speech impediments?

Another commonly used phrase for speech impediments in children is speech disorder. Often, the causes of a speech impediment are unknown. However, sometimes there are physical impairments such as cleft palate or neurological disorders such as traumatic brain injury that may be the cause of the speech impairment.

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What are the most common speech disorders?

Following are some of the most common speech disorders that speech therapists treat.

  • Stuttering and Other Fluency Disorders. …
  • Receptive Disorders. …
  • Autism-Related Speech Disorders. …
  • Resonance Disorders. …
  • Selective Mutism. …
  • Brain Injury-Related Speech Disorders/Dysarthria. …
  • Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms.


Will my speech impediment go away?

Some speech disorders may simply go away. Others can improve with speech therapy. Treatment varies and depends on the type of disorder. In speech therapy, a professional therapist will guide you through exercises that work to strengthen the muscles in your face and throat.

When do speech impediments go away?

Typically children who do not outgrow their lisps by ages 6 or 7 will need some form of speech therapy. Articulation – There are many different forms of articulation challenges that your child may exhibit.

Can a child with speech delays catch up?

They may receive a diagnosis of language disorder. Between 70–80% of Late Talkers seem to catch up to their peers by the time they enter school. Sometimes these children are called “late bloomers” because they eventually seem to catch up to other children their age.

What are examples of speech disorders?

Speech Disorders

  • Childhood Apraxia of Speech.
  • Dysarthria.
  • Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders.
  • Speech Sound Disorders.
  • Stuttering.
  • Voice.

What is lisping speech disorder?

A lisp is one type of speech disorder that can be noticeable during this developmental stage. It creates the inability to pronounce consonants, with “s” being one of the most common. Lisping is extremely common, with an estimated 23 percent of people being affected at some point during their lifetime.

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What age should a child speak clearly?

Although your child should be speaking clearly by age 4, they may mispronounce as many as half of their basic sounds; this is not a cause for concern. By age 5, your child should be able to retell a story in their own words and use more than five words in a sentence.

How do I know if my child has a speech impediment?

Signs of a speech disorder:

  1. Says p, b, m, h, and w incorrectly (1–2 years)
  2. Says k, g, f, t, d, and n incorrectly (2–3 years)
  3. Produces speech that is unclear, even to familiar people (2–3 years)
  4. Struggles to say sounds or words (2½–3 years)
  5. Repeats first sounds of words (2½–3 years)


Are speech impediments a disability?

The act explicitly identifies speech and language impairments as a type of disability and defines them as “a communication disorder, such as stuttering, impaired articulation, a language impairment, or a voice impairment, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.”32 In contrast to the SSI program, IDEA …

How do speech disorders affect learning?

A child with a speech-language delay is likely to have difficulty following instructions, especially if the instructions are only given orally and if they contain multiple words and/or steps. In addition, children who have problems with speech-language skills may also have difficulty learning how to read and spell.

What causes speech difficulty?

Dysarthria often causes slurred or slow speech that can be difficult to understand. Common causes of dysarthria include nervous system disorders and conditions that cause facial paralysis or tongue or throat muscle weakness. Certain medications also can cause dysarthria.

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How do speech sound disorders affect learning?

Disorders of articulation or speech-sound disorders (SSD) are common in early childhood. Children with these disorders may be at risk for reading difficulties because they may have poor auditory, phonologic, and verbal memory skills.

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