A birth defect is something visibly abnormal, internally abnormal, or chemically abnormal about your newborn baby’s body. The defect might be caused by genetics, infection, radiation, or drug exposure, or there might be no known reason.
What are the 4 main causes of birth defects?
What causes birth defects?
- Genetic problems. One or more genes might have a change or mutation that results in them not working properly, such as in Fragile X syndrome. …
- Chromosomal problems. …
- Infections. …
- Exposure to medications, chemicals, or other agents during pregnancy.
What are the chances of having an abnormal baby?
CDC estimates that birth defects occur in about 1 in every 33 infants born in the United States each year. Birth defects can occur during any pregnancy, but some factors increase the risk for birth defects.
What are the symptoms of abnormal baby in pregnancy?
Top 5 Conditions of Abnormal Pregnancy
- Vaginal bleeding during pregnancy. …
- Abdominal discomfort, cramping or pain. …
- Frequent headaches and blurred vision. …
- Excessive thirst and sweating. …
- No fetal movement or reduced fetal movement at more than 20 weeks gestation.
What is the most common birth defect?
The most common birth defects are:
- heart defects.
- cleft lip/palate.
- Down syndrome.
- spina bifida.
Can you prevent birth defects?
Birth defects cannot always be prevented, but there are many aspects of prenatal care that can protect your unborn baby. If your baby does have a birth defect or fetal condition, treatments are now available that have revolutionized an affected baby’s ability to survive and thrive after birth.
Can stress cause birth defects?
An increase in the stressful life events index was associated with increased risk of all types of birth defects, with the strongest association for isolated cleft lip with or without cleft palate and anencephaly.
Should I be worried about birth defects?
CB: Babies who have birth defects often need special care and interventions to survive and to thrive developmentally. Early intervention is vital to improving outcomes for these babies. If your child has a birth defect, you should ask his or her doctor about local resources and treatment.
What is abnormal pregnancy?
Abnormal Pregnancy Conditions that develop during pregnancy are often related to the pregnancy itself (early pregnancy loss or ectopic and molar pregnancies) but not always. Sometimes issues can be caused by events unrelated to the pregnancy, like if a mother develops a disease such as measles.
Can birth defects be seen on ultrasound?
What can an ultrasound tell about a baby? Ultrasound can detect some types of physical birth defects. Examples of physical birth defects that may be found at 19 – 20 weeks are most cases of spina bifida, some serious heart defects, some kidney problems, absence of part of a limb and some cases of cleft palate.
How do you know if my baby is still alive inside me?
Symptoms are things you feel yourself that others can’t see, like having a sore throat or feeling dizzy. The most common symptom of stillbirth is when you stop feeling your baby moving and kicking. Others include cramps, pain or bleeding from the vagina.
What are five warning signs of a possible problem during pregnancy?
DANGER SIGNS DURING PREGNANCY
- vaginal bleeding.
- severe headaches with blurred vision.
- fever and too weak to get out of bed.
- severe abdominal pain.
- fast or difficult breathing.
What are good signs of healthy pregnancy?
While your first sign of pregnancy might have been a missed period, you can expect several other physical changes in the coming weeks, including:
- Tender, swollen breasts. …
- Nausea with or without vomiting. …
- Increased urination. …
- Fatigue. …
- Food cravings and aversions. …
- Heartburn. …
What are the worst birth defects?
Rare birth defects include:
- Muscular dystrophy.
- Osteogenesis imperfecta.
- Smith Lemli Opitz syndrome.
- Spinal muscular atrophy.
- Tuberous sclerosis.
- Turner syndrome.
- X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome (Duncan disease)
Can you tell if your baby is disabled before it’s born?
Many birth defects can be diagnosed before birth with tests. Chromosome problems such as Down syndrome can be diagnosed before birth by looking at cells in the amniotic fluid or from the placenta. Or they can be found by looking at the baby’s DNA in the mother’s blood (noninvasive prenatal screening).
Which body part is not present when a baby is born?
The answer is yes and no. Babies are born with pieces of cartilage that will eventually become the bony kneecap, or patella, that adults have. Like bone, cartilage gives structure where it’s needed in the body, such as the nose, ears, and joints.