Pneumonia is a fairly common childhood condition, affecting 150 to 156 million children under the age of 5 each year. In the United States, pneumonia is not as life-threatening as it once was because of antibiotics and other modern treatments.
When should I worry about my toddler’s pneumonia?
Call your doctor right away if your child has any of the signs of pneumonia, but especially if he or she: has trouble breathing or is breathing too fast. has a bluish or gray color to the fingernails or lips. has a fever of 102°F (38.9°C), or above 100.4°F (38°C) in babies younger than 6 months old.
How fast can pneumonia develop in toddlers?
For instance, if a child develops pneumonia from a cold caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), it takes 4 to 6 days for symptoms to appear; for the flu virus, symptoms start after 18 to 72 hours. Pneumonia caused by bacterial infections can last 1 to 2 weeks with appropriate antibiotics.
Can a child recover from pneumonia?
Some children will recover from pneumonia after ten days, but as many as half will take longer than this. Most children will have recovered after 3-4 weeks.
Can toddler have pneumonia without cough?
Unlike adults, children who have pneumonia may not experience a nagging cough or fever, and may have signs of infection that are much more subtle.
Is Cold air bad for pneumonia?
Breathing cold air can worsen respiratory issues
It’s not this easy for everyone, especially those who have asthma, cold-induced asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or other recurrent respiratory issues like bronchitis, pneumonia or sinusitis.
What are the 4 stages of pneumonia?
The four stages of lobar pneumonia include:
- Stage 1: Congestion. During the congestion phase, the lungs become very heavy and congested due to infectious fluid that has accumulated in the air sacs. …
- Stage 2: Red hepatization. …
- Stage 3: Gray hepatization. …
- Stage 4: Resolution.
How do toddlers get pneumonia?
What causes pneumonia in a child? Pneumonia is most often caused by bacteria or viruses. Some of these bacteria and viruses can be spread by direct contact with a person who is already infected with them.
Can a cold turn into pneumonia?
Some of the viruses that cause colds and the flu can cause pneumonia. Viruses are the most common cause of pneumonia in children younger than 5 years. Viral pneumonia is usually mild. But in some cases it can become very serious.
How is child pneumonia treated?
Treatment may include antibiotics for bacterial pneumonia. No good treatment is available for most viral pneumonias. They often get better on their own. Flu-related pneumonia may be treated with an antiviral medicine.
How long does pneumonia last in child?
However, for most children the symptoms of pneumonia will last for about 2-4 weeks. If the symptoms aren’t improving or the cough lasts longer than 4 weeks, you should consult your doctor.
Does having pneumonia as a child damage your lungs?
The long-term effects associated with early childhood pneumonia include restrictive or obstructive lung function deficits and an increased risk of adult asthma, non-smoking related COPD, and bronchiectasis. The studies underpinning these observations do however have important limitations.
What can kids with pneumonia eat?
Your child’s healthcare provider may recommend water, apple juice, gelatin, broth, and popsicles. Give your child foods that are easy to digest. When your child starts to eat solid foods again, feed him or her small meals often. Yogurt, applesauce, and pudding are good choices.
Can toddler have pneumonia without fever?
While fever is a common symptom of pneumonia, it’s possible to have pneumonia without a fever. This can occur in specific groups, such as young children, older adults, and people with a weakened immune system. Pneumonia can be caused by a variety of germs, some of which are contagious.
What Antibiotics treat pneumonia in toddlers?
Beta-lactam antibiotics (eg, amoxicillin, cefuroxime, cefdinir) are preferred for outpatient management. Macrolide antibiotics (eg, azithromycin, clarithromycin) are useful in most school-aged children to cover the atypical organisms and pneumococcus.
When should I take my toddler to the doctor for a cough?
Always call your doctor if a child under the age of 3 months develops a cough and fever. The cough seems to be related to a specific activity or substance. If your child always coughs after physical exertion, he or she may have asthma, a respiratory condition that requires medical management.