Infection can be dangerous during pregnancy as it can cause problems for unborn babies, such as hearing loss, visual impairment or blindness, learning difficulties and epilepsy. CMV is particularly dangerous to the baby if the pregnant mother has not had the infection before.
What happens if you have a bacterial infection while pregnant?
Pregnant women are at increased risk for BV because of hormone changes that happen during pregnancy. Hormones are chemicals made by the body. If you have BV during pregnancy, your baby is at increased risk for premature birth and low birthweight. Premature birth is birth before 37 weeks of pregnancy.
Can viruses and bacteria affect the unborn baby if the mother is infected?
If a woman is infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) during pregnancy, the virus could infect her fetus. The likelihood of transmission depends on when during pregnancy the mother was infected. If the mother gets the infection later in her pregnancy, the risk that the virus will infect her fetus is quite high.
Can a bacterial infection cause birth defects?
In unborn babies, certain types of infection can lead to birth defects, prematurity, and death. It’s important that women thinking about becoming pregnant receive the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine 3 months before conception9 .
Can treatment of infection affect pregnancy?
Some infections that develop during pregnancy can lead to miscarriage, preterm labor, or birth defects. They may even be life-threatening for the mother. To complicate matters, the medications used to treat infections can cause serious side effects, especially for the baby.
How do you treat a bacterial infection while pregnant?
Your doctor may prescribe the following antibiotics:
- metronidazole, such as Flagyl and Metrogel-Vaginal, which can be taken orally.
- tinidazole, such as Tindamax, which is another type of oral medication.
- clindamycin, such as Cleocin and Clindesse, which is a topical medication that can be inserted into the vagina.
Can you pass BV to your baby?
Having BV during pregnancy can increase your baby’s risk for premature birth and low birthweight. BV can increase your risk for pelvic inflammatory disease, which can cause problems if you’re trying to get pregnant. BV isn’t a sexually transmitted infection, but it is common in sexually active women.
How can I clean my private part during pregnancy?
Here are some tips for keeping your vagina healthy during and after pregnancy:
- Dry your vaginal area with a hair dryer on a low, cool setting after bathing or swimming.
- Wipe from front to back after going to the bathroom.
- Don’t douche or use scented sanitary pads or tampons.
What diseases can be passed from mother to baby?
Some STIs, such as syphilis, cross the placenta and infect the baby in the womb. Other STIs, like gonorrhea, chlamydia, hepatitis B, and genital herpes, can pass from the mother to the baby as the baby passes through the birth canal.
Can a baby get sepsis in the womb?
Newborn sepsis is most often caused by bacteria. But other germs can also cause it. A baby may become infected before birth if your amniotic fluid is infected. During delivery, the newborn may be exposed to an infection in the birth canal.
What kind of infection causes birth defects?
Toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus (CMV), varicella, rubella, and lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) are among the agents that are recognized to have the potential to cause birth defects in a developing fetus.
Can birth defects be seen on ultrasound?
What can an ultrasound tell about a baby? Ultrasound can detect some types of physical birth defects. Examples of physical birth defects that may be found at 19 – 20 weeks are most cases of spina bifida, some serious heart defects, some kidney problems, absence of part of a limb and some cases of cleft palate.
What virus causes birth defects?
CMV is also the leading viral cause of birth defects and developmental disabilities, including hearing loss, vision loss, and cerebral palsy. Roughly 30,000 children are born with congenital CMV each year, and more than 5,000 children suffer from permanent problems.
Which antibiotic is safe in pregnancy?
Here’s a sampling of antibiotics generally considered safe during pregnancy:
- Penicillins, including amoxicillin (Amoxil, Larotid) and ampicillin.
- Cephalosporins, including cefaclor and cephalexin (Keflex)
- Clindamycin (Cleocin, Clinda-Derm, Clindagel)
Can babies get infections in the womb?
Unborn and newborn babies have weak immune systems and are highly susceptible to infection. Group B streptococcus infections are the most common cause of life-threatening infections in newborn babies.
How do you treat an infected cut while pregnant?
Clean minor cuts or scrapes with soap and water or an over-the-counter (OTC) antiseptic wash, and cover the wound with a bandage. Antibiotic or hydrocortisone ointment should be fine to use.