Are you born with craniosynostosis?
The causes of craniosynostosis in most infants are unknown. Some babies have a craniosynostosis because of changes in their genes. In some cases, craniosynostosis occurs because of an abnormality in a single gene, which can cause a genetic syndrome.
Is craniosynostosis genetic?
Craniosynostosis occurs in one in about 2500 live births and affects males twice as often as females. It is most often sporadic (occurs by chance with no known genetic cause), but in some families, craniosynostosis is inherited by passing on specific genes that are known to cause this condition.
Does craniosynostosis run in families?
Craniosynostosis is often noticeable at birth, but can also be diagnosed in older children. This condition sometimes runs in families, but most often it occurs randomly.
When are babies diagnosed with craniosynostosis?
But as your baby grows, a misshapen head could be a sign of something else. The earlier you can get a diagnosis—ideally, before the age of 6 months—the more effective treatment can be. Craniosynostosis is a condition in which the sutures in a child’s skull close too early, causing problems with head growth.
Is craniosynostosis surgery safe?
The surgery is very safe and produces excellent results. There are several surgical options for treating craniosynostosis, depending on which type it is. It’s usually best to perform surgery at just a few weeks to a few months of age, since the skull bones are the softest and most malleable then.
Does craniosynostosis cause brain damage?
Craniosynostosis Symptoms and Effects
If not corrected, craniosynostosis can create pressure inside the skull (intracranial pressure). That pressure can lead to development problems, or to permanent brain damage. If not treated, most forms of craniosynostosis can have very serious results, including death.
Can you see craniosynostosis on ultrasound?
Fetal craniosynostosis can be diagnosed through ultrasound (sonogram) when an asymmetry or bulge in the skull appears. Although it can be diagnosed through ultrasound, it may be difficult to detect. If it is found, it is usually not discovered until the third trimester.
How often is craniosynostosis genetic?
In a recent analysis of a 10-year prospective cohort of craniosynostosis presenting to our unit, a genetic diagnosis was achieved in 21% of cases, comprising 86% single gene disorders and 15% chromosome abnormalities (one patient had both).
Can craniosynostosis be fixed?
This abnormal shape is often how parents are first alerted to something amiss. Craniosynostosis is often diagnosed in very young infants, and doctors may recommend surgery. It’s natural to feel anxiety about surgery for a small baby, however, surgery for craniosynostosis is highly successful.
Can craniosynostosis cause speech delay?
The two problems that can be associated with sagittal craniosynostosis are speech and language delay and raised intracranial pressure. Some children with sagittal craniosynostosis tend to start to speak later than other children but with help from a speech and language therapist they usually catch up.
How common is craniosynostosis?
Craniosynostosis is common and occurs in one out of 2,200 live births. The condition affects males slightly more often than females. Craniosynostosis is most often sporadic (occurs by chance) but can be inherited in some families.
What causes craniosynostosis during pregnancy?
There are several causes of craniosynostosis and not all are known. It is known that some cases are due to a gene change in the baby and other cases are non-genetic. It is also known that mothers who take certain medications while pregnant are at increased risk of having children with craniosynostosis.
At what age is craniosynostosis surgery done?
Most procedures for the treatment of craniosynostosis are performed before the age of one year, and some are performed before 3-4 months of age. Almost any child with a fused suture is a candidate for surgery.
Do all babies with craniosynostosis need surgery?
Treatment. A small number of babies with mild craniosynostosis won’t need surgical treatment. Rather, they can wear a special helmet to fix the shape of their skull as their brain grows. Most babies with this condition will need surgery to correct the shape of their head and relieve pressure on their brain.
When can craniosynostosis be detected?
Craniosynostosis is most often diagnosed after birth when the infant’s head shape is abnormal; however, it can occasionally be detected prenatally through ultrasound.